His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah Shaikh Basheer al-Najafi

His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah Shaikh Basheer al-Najafi
2019/05/10

During the Holy month of Ramadhan and its spiritual atmosphere, His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem, receives His Eminence, Grand Ayatollah Shaikh Basheer al-Najafi, on Thursday night the 4th of the holy month.

Day Questions

How do we explain the punishments imposed by the Sharia for various crimes, such as the death penalty for apostates, while the Quran says that there is no compulsion in religion?

Applying the Sharia-defined punishments is the duty of the Prophet and the Imams (peace be upon them). No doubt, applying them is a form of justice and not an oppressive act. The punishment is set in the Sharia after the evidence is established and becomes clear in such a way that the noncompliant is considered as an oppressor against himself and the society. As such, the Sharia-defined punishment is not considered against the human rights. The verse alluded to refers to the fact that the religion is based on beliefs and beliefs are not imposed, and does not indicate that there is no punishment imposed by the Sharia for disbelief out of stubbornness and transgression.

Is the Friday Prayer obligatory or recommended, and what is the ruling on performing the Dhuhr prayer after the Friday prayer?

It is permissible to perform the Dhuhr prayer on Fridays, and it is also permissible to perform the Friday prayer provided that the conditions of the Friday prayer are fulfilled. Performing both the Friday prayer and the Dhuhr prayer is also permissible as a precautionary measure.

What is your ruling on apostates who convert from Islam to another religion? In your expert opinion, is there a punishment? If so, what is it?

There is no doubt that they deserve a very high punishment in the Hereafter. Almighty Allah said: “As for those who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities. They bring them out of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein.” (2:257) The punishment in this life is not our duty.

If one fasted and did not know the rules of fasting and omitted the intention, are his fasts valid?

One can consider the fasting to have been valid if he doubts the validity now and there is a probability that it might be valid. In any case, the intention of fasting is not difficult to accomplish, and is usually present from everyone who is fasting, since one has the intention of fasting in mind during his fast.